by Dave Ball April 15, 2021

Democracy, done well, depends on fair, open, and honest elections. From roughly the time of the first election, people have sought ways to gain an advantage over their opponents, some within the rules and some not so much.

This nation has seen its share of election dishonesty but the 2020 General Election witnessed industrial-scale election fraud.  Please spare me the nonsense that there was no fraud.  There was and I will prove it.

In this article, I will demonstrate the fact that fraud occurred in Pennsylvania, here in Washington County, in fact, and how election officials at all levels violated the law in certifying election results.  I will do this using their own numbers and their own source documents, documents anyone can obtain, examine and come to the same conclusions.  I will then suggest some actions that must be taken to first mitigate this type of fraud and then eliminate a good part of it.

In Pennsylvania, a person must be a registered voter to vote.  Whether a person votes by mail-in ballot or at a polling place, there are processes in place that are supposed to check that the person is registered and then record in a voter registry a notation against that person’s name the person voted and on what day.

How 202,391 votes in Pennsylvania cannot be attributed to a registered voter…

Using the same December 14 data for the entire state, 6,962,621 ballots were cast and the SURE system showed 6,760,230 registered voters had voted.  This is a total of 202,391 votes that cannot be attributed to a registered voter.  Where did these votes come from?  Not from registered voters according to the state’s own data and documents.


It would seem a reasonable and straightforward assertion that, if an election is honestly conducted, only registered voters vote and when votes are tallied up, for every vote cast there should be an equal number of registered voters on the voter roll who voted.  The law, in fact, requires this.

This is where the problem arises in Pennsylvania because, when the votes were tallied and even certified, the state and all but 18 counties reported many more votes than they could find registered voters on their voter rolls who had voted.  How can this be when, first of all, a person cannot vote without being registered and on the voter roll, then being marked by a computer system as having voted when the person votes?  Additionally, in a certification process, the Director of Elections in each county attests that every vote corresponded to a registered voter on the voter roll who had voted, and the Secretary of the Commonwealth attests that every County has properly certified its vote.  Not to have done so means that each has violated the law.  Let’s look into this a bit.

On Election Day, there were 9,091,371 people on the voter roll registered to vote in the State of Pennsylvania.  The counties certified that 6,962,621 ballots were cast in the election.  Notice I said ballots cast.  We are going to work with these numbers in a moment.

All the 9 million registered voters are contained in a database called the Statewide Uniform Registry of Electors (SURE).  The SURE database is constantly being updated as new voters are registered, voters change addresses, parties, or names, die or move away.  The point is that it is a dynamic database, always changing.  Information in the SURE database must be made available to each precinct on Election Day so that voters may be confirmed as eligible to vote – and the fact that they voted noted in the system.

Voter information is supplied to the precinct polling locations through “Poll Books.”  These are either electronic devices or manual paper lists.  In either case, they must be prepared sometime prior to Election Day.  In the time between when the poll books are initially prepared and Election Day, the SURE System can change so updates are issued to the precincts as supplemental paper lists.

On Election Day, poll workers must frequently check back and forth between two or more sets of poll books to locate voter information.  This takes time, causes confusion, and may generate errors.  The major causes of late changes to the SURE database are allowing late registration and mail-in ballots.

When mail in ballots are sent to voters, that is noted on the voter records.  Returned mail in ballots are received at the Election Office and must be recorded as received and then verified as legitimate by checking them against the SURE system.  When they are verified as legitimate, they are recorded in the SURE system as received ballots and noted as such so that the voter cannot also vote at a poll.  When mail-in ballots may be received close to Election Day, it is very difficult to update SURE and get that information to the polls which creates a lot of confusion and the possibility of errors as well as an opportunity to game the system for fraud by overwhelming it with late mail-in ballots.

The confusion noted above is compounded when voters claim that they applied for a mail-in ballot and never received the ballot or received it and lost it and want a replacement ballot.  Now the system must account for an original ballot for which there is no proof of loss plus a second ballot to the same person.  There are multiple ways, using ‘timing of voting’, that it might be possible for a person to vote twice.  In theory, the system should catch these attempts but gamers have pointed out ways the system is unlikely to catch attempts, also.

By the provisions of Section 3154 of the Election Code, before a county certifies its vote to the state, it is required to assure that the total number of votes cast does not exceed the total number of registered voters who voted.  If this is not so, the discrepancy must be resolved before results are reported.  Likewise, the state is required to do the same before it certifies its vote to the Federal Government.  That seems like a reasonable requirement but in the 2020 General Election, only 18 of 67 counties met the requirement and the State of Pennsylvania failed to meet the requirement.  That is clearly an egregious disregard of the law and a major contributor to public distrust of the election process.

How do we know this?

The Secretary of State certified the election results of all 67 counties in Pennsylvania on 24 November 2020.  The data that is cited in this article is taken from publically available sources, primarily the SURE database file dated 14 December 2020 known as the “Full Voter Export File” or FVE that may be purchased by anyone from the Department of State website.  Other data was obtained from the Summary Results Report – Official Results, Several County Voter Rolls and the Report of Absentee Ballots dated 13 November 2020.

From the SURE data, the number of registered voters who voted may be obtained by summing the number of voters with a “last date voted” of 11-03-20 back to the first date mail in ballots were accepted (or later in the case of mail in military ballots).  This number changes over time so the SURE system is locked down for 14 days from election day so counties can reconcile votes against a stable system.  The number changes as people move in and move out as previously explained.

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